EXCURSION TO ANCIENT AMPHIPOLIS
in the ancient Greek city and a monument of ancient Greece, located near the city of Kavala.
The ancient city of Amphipolis was located on the bank of the Styrmonas River which flows into the Aegean Sea, and was the center of navigation and trade of the ancient world. In the V century BC, was founded the land on which the city belonged to the Thracian tribe of the Edonians. In 437 BC, in the time of Pericles the Athenians created here their settlement called Amphipolis.
During the Peloponnesian War in 424 BC, Amphipolis was besieged by the Spartan troops of Brasidus, but in 422 BC, the Athenians tried to regain the city under their control but without success and the city remained independent. Athens did not leave their claims to possession of Amphipolis which resulted in frequent political conflicts.
In 357 BC, Amphipolis was captured by the King of Macedonia Philip II, and remained an important naval base and one of the most important stations on the road becoming the administrative center of Eastern Macedonia. The population remained mainly Greek but now began to include a number of noble Macedonians and Greeks who received Macedonian citizenship.
Many times through Amphipolis passed Alexander the Great at the head of his army, and in 321 BC, Amphipolis became the new home of the wife of Alexander - Roxana and her son. The land of Amphipolis became the last place in Macedonia, which remembers the living Great Alexander. In the Roman era Amphipolis received the status of a "free city", and there stayed the apostle Paul on the way from Philip to Thessaloniki.
Slavic invasions and migrations, which began at the end of the VI century gradually led to the decline of the city, once again surrounded by hostile tribes. According to archaeologists the inhabitants left it in the VIII century. It is precisely known that Amphipolis was in the middle of the Egnatieva road and today a modern highway passes through the city where we will go on an excursion to this fascinating archaeological site with a guide from Kavala Tour company.
In the summer of 2014 in Amphipolis was discovered a funeral complex recognized as the largest in the whole of Greece. In total, in the tomb are found the remains of five people and of animal bones including horses. The hill of Casta, where located the tomb, is surrounded by an impressive wall, the perimeter of which is about 490 meters, and on the mound was erected a statue of a lion, about 5 meters high.
The entrance to the tomb was "guarded" by statues of two sphinxes. The grandiose nature of this structure archaeologists associate with the tomb of the royal dynasty, but today it is not known who was awarded such a magnificent burial, although the versions of archaeologists are very diverse - from the chiliarch Hephaestion, to the Roxana - Alexander's wife, and even Alexander the Great.
On the way to the archaeological park of Amphipolis, we will stop in the village of Poleochori next to Amphipoli, where we will visit the Byzantine fortress of Vranokastro and the ruins of the monastery of St. George the Savior, and we will also see a perfectly preserved marble statue of a lion. On the territory of the archaeological park, we will see the ruins of the city walls, the huge stone tomb-crypt of the IV century BC, and much more. After that, we'll visit the Archaeological Museum of Amphipolis, which collects every single find from the tombs and burial mounds of the city.