EXCURSION TO ANCIENT PHILIPPI

to the largest and majestic antique complex of Northern Greece, founded by King Philip II, the father of Alexander the Great!

 

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15 km from Kavala is the ancient city of Philippi, one of the most important historical sights of Greece. Here you can see the buildings of the ancient city, the ruins of the Roman city, Christian churches and the central Egnatiev road, the fragments of which can now be repeated the way of the Apostle Paul. This road divides the city into two parts.

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In the north there is an agora - forum, in modern words an ancient shopping center with benches, galleries, thermae (Greek baths). Right in the center of the city was erected one of the very first basilicas of Philippi, the greatness of which can be judged by the remains of imposing walls covered with stucco molding. Another early Christian church, the Octagon, dedicated to the apostle Paul and dated to the 5th century, lies just to the south.

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Nearby you can see the ruins, at the beginning of our era served as the walls of the prison of the apostle Paul. Partially preserved Roman theater, later rebuilt in the arena. The architecture of the acropolis (upper part of the city) is a mixture of Byzantine style, elements of Roman paganism and Christian cemetery basilicas. Here you can see "Bucefal's bowl", the legendary horse of Alexander the Great.

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Excavations began in Philippi in 1914 of the French school of archeology, and after the Second World War, the Archaeological Service of Greece, in cooperation with the Athenian archaeological community, conducted systematic excavations here. Today, the Archaeological Service of Greece, in cooperation with the University of Aristotle in Thessaloniki and the French School of Archeology, continues archaeological research. Findings of the excavations are presented in the exposition of the Archaeological Museum in Philippi.

Unlike many ancient monuments of Greece from which are preserved only the names and legends, in ancient Philippi there is something to see and the guide will take you to the distant past following you in the footsteps of the Apostle Paul. So if you are on holidays in Kavala - you must visit ancient Philippi.

LEARN MORE ABOUT PHILIPPI

  • HISTORY OF THE PHILIPPI

    HISTORY OF THE PHILIPPI

    Settlement was founded by people from the island of Thassos in 360 BC. Very soon in 356 BC.to fight the local Thracian peoples besieging the city, the inhabitants turned to Philip II for help, who had recognized the privileged position of the city and decided to name it in honor of him. Through Philippi in the 1st century BC.passed the road of Egnatia, thanks to which the city occupied an important position in the region. In 42 AD. The Battle of Philippi on two low hills outside the western city walls has changed the course of history both locally and globally. The victory of Octavian and Antony, followers of Julius Caesar's policy, put an end to democracy, opening the way for Octavian to create an empire. Philippi became a Roman colony (Colony Augusta Julia Philippensis), which reached a special heyday in the 2nd century AD. In the 49-50's. AD The apostle Paul visited Philippi and founded the first Christian community in Europe. The memory of his stay and imprisonment was imprinted deeply in centuries, the city became a special Christian pilgrimage site. The size of the city declined in the early 7th century. This was caused by strong earthquakes and raids by the Slavs. The city continues to exist in Byzantine times as a fortified castle, due to its location on the main road artery between East and West. He was finally abandoned by the inhabitants with the arrival of the Ottomans conquerors at the end of the 14th century.

  • ANCIENT THEATER IN PHILIPPI

    ANCIENT THEATER IN PHILIPPI

    The theater is on the north-eastern slope of the acropolis. The foundation of the theater stands on the eastern wall of the city. During the time of Philip II (ΙV century BC), the oldest building with common lines and orch with a diameter of 21.60 m was erected. After the Roman conquest, changes occur in accordance with the aesthetic requirements and favorite shows of the time. In the middle of III century there was a last change of theater in Philippi with the purpose of creation of the greater platform for carrying out gladiatorial fights, single combats and hunting. The theater is an invaluable cultural heritage of the area of ​​Eastern Macedonia. Today many of its elements are preserved. In the restored theater usually put the ancient theater productions, which can be seen in the framework of the Summer Festival in Philippi and Thassos.

  • ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM IN PHILIPPI

    ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM IN PHILIPPI

    The Philippi Archaeological Museum was built in the 1960s on the outskirts of the archaeological site of the ancient city of Philippi. The building has two exhibition areas for the permanent presentation of finds from the excavations of the ancient city: Module A - it occupies the entire first floor and has an area of ​​380 sq.m. This section presents archaeological (inscriptions, sculptures, vases, coins, jewelry), as well as the historical city of Philippi visual material and the region from prehistoric times to the end of Roman antiquity. Module B - occupies the floor of a building with an area of ​​205 sq.m. with inscriptions, architectural elements, mosaics, vases, coins from the early Christian years to the present.

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